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What is TB?

Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by a germ called Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, which usually affects the lungs but can also affect other parts of the body.

What are the symptoms of TB?

  • Coughing for two weeks or more, OR any duration if HIV positive
  • Drenching night sweats
  • Unexplained loss of weight
  • Fever for two weeks or more

How does a person get TB?

A person can get TB when someone with TB coughs or sneezes, the TB germs are spread into the air and can be breathed in by another person sharing the same space. TB disease is more likely to develop in people who have a weak immune system, such as those with HIV or diabetes, as their immune systems may be too weak to fight off TB.

Can TB be cured?

TB can be cured if people tale their medication for the full six months, or as prescribed by their healthcare provider. People on TB treatment should not stop taking the medicine even if they feel better.

What should you do if you think you or someone has TB?

If you or someone you know has TB symptoms, go to the nearest clinic to be screened and tested for TB. Screening and testing for TB is provided for free.

How can you prevent the spread of TB?

We can all prevent the spread of TB by:

  • Coughing into a tissue or the inside of your elbow
  • Opening your windows in the house to let fresh air in
  • Opening windows in the car, taxi, train or bus to let in fresh air